Why and how is diagnosed, treated internal varicose veins?

The veins under the skin, called the "surface". In turn, the ships that pass through fascial lodge of the muscles of the legs, should be called "the most profound of vienna". External and internal venous system them connect "perforating blood vessels," through the blood can flow from one to the other. If occurs a stasis in the deep veins (the most frequent cause is the same as the famous varicose veins), for the perforating of blood spilled in surface waters, which causes them to develop. This is why the enlargement of the vessels under the skin can be considered as consequences already varicose veins internal the vein.

The blood is collected from all the organs and veins back to the heart. The force of gravity neutralizes this process, which is why mother nature invented the way in which the direction of flow does not change, the blood in the veins moves only toward the heart. To do this, it has implemented the vessels of valves, which act in the same direction, preventing the reverse flow of blood. But for a variety of reasons, these valves may be failing.

Quam ut mutare vasa

The infringement of their work occurs most often in the veins of the legs, but it can occur in other parts of the body. A similar process of the venous extension of the ship occurs in the pelvic region, upper limbs, trunk, head and neck. The same "veins" and "varicose veins" meet and on these areas of the body. It's there and invisible to our eye varicose veins of the internal organs. For example, an increase in the pressure in the system of the portal vein (the blood on it is collected from the gastro-intestinal tract) causes of varicose vessels of the esophagus, located in the подслизистом layer.

Another option is "hidden varicose veins" is a chronic syndrome of pelvic pain. In the literature, this pathology can be found under the following names: the varicocele in women, the syndrome of venous stasis pelvic. The analogue of this disease in men ("the characteristic internal varicose veins") — the varicocele.

The reasons for the development of varicose veins

There are many factors to the “poor” work for venous valves, some of them are:

  • a genetic predisposition;
  • excess body weight;
  • a hormonal imbalance;
  • of pregnancy.
  • the gynaecological problems, which lead to the formation of blood clots (phlebo thrombosis);
  • a trauma or an inflammation of the veins;
  • chronic constipation, promotes varicose veins of the rectum (hemorrhoids).

The mode of life of the man play an important role in the development of varicose veins. People whose profession provides long-stay, upright or in a sitting position, have a tendency to develop this disease, for example, nurses, flight attendants and teachers. The pathology observed more frequently in the fairer sex, as men have a family history, passed down from parents to children.

signa interna varicose veins

The manifestations of the pathology

One of the signs of varicose veins of the deep veins of the legs is a "swollen and twisted" a superficial vein. In addition, there are the following symptoms internal varicose veins:

  • the pain in the legs, which usually occurs when the patient is extended in the course of the meeting or of the sentence;
  • the oedema of the lower limbs;
  • a feeling of heaviness and fatigue in the legs;
  • cramps in the rest;
  • the women underline the deterioration above referred to of the symptoms during menstruation.

If it is not quickly treated, it is possible to the occurrence of complications:

  • the skin on the feet is thin, which makes it "too sensitive" to any injury (scratches a long time does not heal);
  • the inflammation of the veins affected (флебиты).

Quite often, the patient learns that it is this internal varicose veins on the legs, when appear the symptoms of deep vein thrombosis — expressed edemas of lower limbs, pain, fever.

The diagnosis

The appearance of varicose veins extent of the saphenous veins on the feet is the opportunity to immediately contact the patient to a physician. Although spider veins (small varicose veins are considered a cosmetic problem, nevertheless it may serve as a sign of the depth of the varicose veins. During a medical exam, a doctor visually will be able to assess the degree of extension of the surface of the blood vessels.

For check deep of vienna, is generally attributed to the duplex ultrasonography, which allows to examine the structure of the deep veins, to assess the movement of blood on them, see clotting.

Diagnosis

Another test that can be used in the diagnosis of varicose veins of the deep veins, it is under the name of plethysmography. This study allows to determine the degree of disability of stock from the tank. In addition, sometimes, the doctor may prescribe invasive techniques of the study — magnetic resonance imaging angio графия or phlebo graphy. When the technical data uses a contrast material, which is injected directly into the vein.

Treatment

How to treat internal varicose veins of the lower limbs is generally dependent on the degree of invasion of blood vessels. In the initial phases, you can apply a conservative treatment, which provides for the use of the compression of a jersey, of a drug of the impact (weno tonic), as well as traditional medicine.

If conservative treatment fails, the doctor may recommend sclerotherapy. This procedure provides for the introduction of sclerosing substances under control duplex ultrasound directly in the container. In advanced cases of the disease is generally recommended that surgical treatment is the removal of sites extended from the deep veins.

The traditional medicine for the internal treatment of varicose veins offers the following recipes:

  • The decoction of hop cones. Tablespoon of hop cones is poured a glass of boiling water, and kept in a water bath for 15 minutes. Once it has cooled, it can be applied on the wound veins.
  • The collection on birch bark. Mix the birch, the oak, the bark, fruits horse chestnut (each ingredient is 3 tablespoons) mixed with 2 tablespoons of horsetail and moss from iceland. To this mixture was added the astragalus, the roots of blackberry. After which the two cups of this mixture, pour a liter of boiling water and simmer on low heat for 5 minutes. Decoction to drink 4 times per day 200 milliliters.

The prevention of varicose veins

Unfortunately, varicose veins may not get rid completely. Therefore, as in any disease, relevant to the issue of prevention. Listed below activities will help to a certain extent, to avoid the development of this disease:

  • do not cross your legs when you are sitting;
  • regular hiking, in particular, workers of offices;
  • get rid;
  • of extra pounds;
  • A brew of hop conis
  • wear loose clothing, to avoid the excessive compression in the foot area, the groin and the waist;
  • prevent the onset of constipation;
  • during long periods of standing periodically transfer the body weight from one foot to the other.

Deep vein and surface of the system of the lower limbs are closely related to one another. Therefore, if you suffer from deep veins of the legs, meet under the skin. The emergence of the same vascular mesh (as a feature of the surface varicose veins) must be alert, think on their deep veins.

30.04.2018