What are ulcers trophic when varicose veins on the legs — and how to treat them

The main reason for the occurrence of ulcers of varicose veins – a violation of blood flow to the skin. It follows that oxygen and nutrients are not passed to the cells, because of this they die, and occurs the inflammatory process.

Ulcers trophic appear on the last stages of the disease, formed of a long and progressive. Circulatory disorders occurs for the following reasons:

  1. Diabetes mellitus.
  2. Venous insufficiency and varicose veins.
  3. Atherosclerosis of the member.
  4. The high blood pressure.
  5. Diseases of the skin.
  6. An injury to the leg.
  7. Burns and other skin lesions.
The major factor in causing a violation of the flow of blood, and the most common cause – venous insufficiency and varicose veins.

Trophic ulcer of venous

trophic vomica

An excessive load on the blood vessels, which occurs in certain diseases or the bad sense of life, leads to a distension of the venous wall and of the weakness of valves.

The consequence of this are plots of the stagnation of the blood, which is the second and later stages are visible to the naked eye. Troficheskiy the tissues in the area of stagnation is disrupted, and cells begin to die, and a shuttle service to mediators of inflammation increases.

Trophic venous ulcers is characteristic of the location in the lower area of the legs or ankles. It begins to form inside.

Earlier in the process periodically bland, but without the proper treatment, relapse is inevitable.

In the stages of venous insufficiency and when deep venous thrombosis are seen as the giant of varicose veins of the ulcer.

Ulcers in varicose veins can cover the objective from all sides, or to affect the deeper layers of the skin.

The conservative treatment is only effective in a timely manner beginning. Serious require surgical intervention.

That should alert before the appearance of the defect

It is a timely detection of pathology gives the chance to prevent an irreversible process in the tissues. The ulcers occur on the last stages of the disease and are as a result of the violations. Before trophic ulcer of the human mind the usual symptoms of the disease. When varicose veins is:

  1. The severity and the feeling of tiredness in the legs.
  2. Pockets.
  3. The emergence of the vascular network and the "star".
  4. Swells the veins.
  5. These symptoms indicate that the veins do not stand up to the load and need help. Similar to discomfort must alarm and cause the patient to go on the advice of your doctor. In the initial phases of a drug treatment quite efficiently. Good results also gives the therapeutic use of hosiery.

    Causas rei

    Type of venous ulcers

    Ulcers trophic are of different types, in function of what has led to this complication.

    1. The venous ulcers. The cast of blood from the deep veins in the surface water and its stagnation lead to the deterioration of the nutrition of the tissues, the lack of oxygen and death of cells. The process begins at the bottom of the leg inside, and then grows.
    2. Ulcer. In this case, the power supply of the skin deteriorates due to atherosclerosis. The blocking of the arteries leads to the phase of ischemia and circulatory failure. The process of healing and recovery is expressed poorly. The ulcer often occurs in the area of the feet, affecting the toes, the heel, a fold internal . Often such injuries downgrade. It is serious enough for the state, which, in many cases, leads to gangrene or need for amputation of a member.
    3. Neuro trophic. Appear in the case of troficheskiy of nerve endings. The reason is nerve damage due to injury or certain diseases. With this defeat, the process is difficult to treat, is extended and firmly. The neuro ulcer trophic usually appears in the bones of protrusions, often in the heel area. Because of the atrophy of the nerves, it does not hurt, in spite of this which can affect enough of the deep layers of the skin. The ulcer has the shape of a crater inside of which are visible muscles and even the bone tissue. The area of the lesion is distinguished from pus, which has an unpleasant odor.

    The phase of development of ulcers

    The pathology is formed gradually. The first cause of any disease, which leads to an increase in the permeability of the vein wall. Because of this in the dermis to remove red blood cells and hemoglobin. At this point, occurs the first symptom of hyperpigmentation of the skin, which is externally visible as a site of red-brown.

    The continuation of the progression of the pathology leads to an ischemia of the phase of the skin and the appearance of joints of white color. Such a state the doctors can diagnose, in front of a wound. At this stage, the treatment is still quite effective, and the structure of the tissue still possible to recover.

    In the following ulcerative process that affects the most profound and extended, which causes the inflammation of the soft tissue. Very often, at this stage, there is the accession of a secondary infection and process purulent.

    Determine трофическую the plague easily enough, the difficulty lies only in its treatment, where it is necessary to pay attention not only tissue repair, but the elimination of the causes.

    The possible complications

    Ulcer trophic is already, itself, is a complication of diseases such as diabetes, varicose veins, venous insufficiency. After the appearance of the ulcer, the disease process can worsen the accession of the infection and pus. If the trophism of tissues you can't restore, there is a great likelihood of the appearance of the gangrene, and the need for amputation of a member.

    More the area damaged, more easily and more rapidly restores the structure and function of the tissue. Therefore, the treatment of varicose veins should begin when the first symptoms of venous insufficiency.

    suspendisse

    Therapeutic methods and activities

    The treatment of venous ulcers in varicose veins should begin with a thorough examination of the patient.

    This is done to determine the underlying causes, which leads to an ulcer of the irregularity, as well as to get results from coagulation and other important indicators. Treatment can be achieved by two methods:

    1. A surgical intervention. A specific method of operational processing chooses a doctor. It may be the resection of the part of the vessel, the surgical correction of damaged tissue. In modern hospitals are available to security procedures, such as laser ablation and sclerotherapy. To completely heal the damaged area, after the surgery, you must follow the doctor's advice and give time to the restoration of the blood circulation.
    2. Conservative treatment. This includes not only drugs, but the use of biological, physio procedures, sanatorium recreation. All activities are aimed at strengthening the vascular wall, the restoration of the microcirculation, the blood is diluted and decrease the inflammatory process.

    Therapy with solutions and ointments

    The advantage of remedies that you can apply directly on the damaged area. In this, the patient must remember that to eliminate the cause this is not sufficient, and it will take a full course of treatment.

    However, solutions and ointments well complete the treatment regimen. They can contain the following elements:

    1. Antiseptics or antibiotics.
    2. Vitamins.
    3. Venotonics.
    4. Early заживляющие of the substance.
    That treat ulcers on the legs when varicose veins called a doctor. Is not recommended to self-medication or to use the advice of friends.

    Tablets

    Medication is the basis of a conservative treatment. Drugs for the system of more efficient use of local outdoor facilities.

    An important place is relegated to a medication from a group venotonics, which help to eliminate the blood stasis, restore the ship's structure and reduce its permeability. A lot of venotonics suitable as a preventive measure and can be used without a doctor's prescription.

    In parallel, it is necessary to give attention to the primary disease. If the venous ulcer has referred to as diabetes, in the first place, it is appropriate to prescribe oral hypoglycemic agents.

    Folk remedies

    There are many recipes using remedies that help to reduce swelling, relieve inflammation and accelerate the healing of wounds.

    The danger of this approach lies in the fact that patients are trying to get rid only a symptom, is not acting on the cause.

    The traditional remedies and at home care may only do so in addition to the diet prescribed by your doctor. According to the comments of the doctors, on the stage of the ulcers trophic remedies already ineffective.

    The great popularity of funds on the basis of the chestnut, beeswax, and cabbage.

    Physio the procedure

    Physio procedures are aimed at improvement of the microcirculation and the to restore the structure of damaged tissues.

    After the session of physio with the normal procedure the ebb and the flow of blood, reduces swelling and inflammation, reduces the sensation of discomfort.

    The treatment of leg ulcers during the варикозе may include:

    • UV;
    • UHF;
    • the electrophoresis;
    • darsonvalizations;
    • aeroionotherapy;
    • лазеро treatment;
    • massage;
    • the bathroom air.

    Prevention of complications and relapses

    Ulcers when варикозе is much easier to prevent than to cure. To understand the mechanism of the pathology, the patient may engage in the prevention of injuries. Prevent трофическую an ulcer or a recurrence will help:

    1. Preparations of the group venotonics, who is allowed to drink sustainable, as well as in the prevention.
    2. A good nutrition. For the vessels useful non-food that is rich in vitamins. Also it is important to keep drinking.
    3. useful natantibus, yoga,
    4. Compression garment. Special therapeutic jersey provides a mechanical support vessels, preventing them from stretching and education stagnation. The degree of pressure that creates is similar to linen, chosen by the doctor.
    5. Moderately active lifestyle. Need to find a "middle ground" and be mobile every day. Problems with the veins conduct such as excessive loads, and a sedentary lifestyle.
    6. Very useful for the swimming, the yoga, the posture with optimistic upside.

    That heal ulcers trophic if варикозе decide only a doctor. This state is already said about the neglect of the process and can not remain without attention. At earlier stages of venous insufficiency, the patient can be treated at home with the help of venotonic ointments, tablets and the household linen. In the initial phases of a good effect hirudotherapy.

    Varicose ulcers tibia is not only terribly alike, but are they really dangerous for the health of the man. Get rid of them you will help only the daily care of the affected area and of the correct execution of all consulting firms.

    08.06.2018