The methods of treatment of varicose veins

The current treatment of varicose veins at the timely appeal to a physician to positive results. Many wonder: varicose veins — what is it? Varicose veins called pathological extension of the wall device of the vein, and subsequently, under the skin are noticeable varicose veins. Themselves of the blood vessels strongly swell and take on a bluish hue. Of which gives rise to varicose veins? Following the evolution of the disease, the blood ceases to circulate normally, she had a hard time is pushed to the top, zastaivayas in the vessels of the legs. This leads to a greater stretching of the walls of the veins and the appearance of the feeling of heaviness in the legs.

spider veins

The initial stage of varicose veins manifests itself in the following way: when the venous wall of the vessel begins to increase, it snuggles to the skin. Through it first appears vascular, grid, and spider veins, then appear the first signs of varicose veins: the knots and knolls of blue. It testifies that the receptacle is weakened and without proper treatment is able to bounce back.

In our age of sedentary lifestyles and poor ecology of varicose vein disease is one of the ten diseases most common on the globe. They all suffer from the 4 person on the planet.

More than half of the patients do not know it the varicose veins in the early (latent) stages. Why on the statistics most often varicose veins women suffer? This is explained by the fact that they have not developed the connective tissue due to current hormonal cycle.

How to remove spider veins? The varicosities offers a lot of hassles, ranging from the cosmetic problems and finishing fatal conditions. The disease is necessary to timely detect and time to process. This will not only remove visible defects, but to eliminate the complications of the varicose disease.

The symptoms of varicose veins

In this disease, it is important not to miss the initial moment, when the pathological processes are reversible, and the treatment does not take much time. The main symptoms of how to determine spider veins:

  • the appearance in the members-flowing sense of warmth, rolling in a burning sensation;
  • a feeling of heaviness in the legs, which is particularly enhances the evening;
  • not immediately, but in the states may appear as a swelling, which is particularly visible in the area of the ankles and feet;
  • in the night the muscles of your legs begin to reduce cramps;
  • the initial stage of varicose veins is characterized by the fact that the skin on the shins fallen the night, during palpation of ores and seals;
  • in places of joints of tightness of the skin can exulcero, to the site of injury can manifest in ulcers trophic.

By the development of the disease varicose veins, the symptoms increase:

  • appear pulling pain, which cover popliteal a hole and the back surface of the wand; men are more thick leather with well-marked hairiness, so this symptom among them is expressed weaker;
  • vienna on its course, the ankle to the knee starts well not tt affected by the ships seem retorta;
  • on the legs may appear vascular mesh, which has bagrovo blue tint, the intensity of the color decreases, if lying on the back, slightly lift the legs;
  • in the evening the symptoms are joined a dull pain, a burning sensation and cramping, especially as they manifest after hours of states;
  • can manifest as a swelling of the limbs, until the favorite shoes, you can no longer wear.

If the disease is not treated properly, then the top layer of the skin of the extremities is dry, dense, and bluish, often visible is the pigmentation. The continuation of the violation of the power of the skin leads to the formation of venous ulcers. If this group of symptoms is added to a temperature increase, weakness, and chills, which means a delay of varicose veins is complicated.

the complications of the varicose veins

Complications of varicose veins

Spider veins can be more severe pathological processes in the veins of the lower limbs:

  1. Thrombophlebitis acute. Subcutaneous vienna become painful to the touch, the skin takes on a red hue, appear a strong pain. The acute phase is related to the blood clot that replaces the lumen of the vessel. If vienna sclerosing, there is a risk of gangrene.
  2. Ulcer trophic. On the skin produce injuries, which oozes constantly ichor. Often in the wound fall pathogens, and for varicose veins is complicated by a secondary bacterial infection. Ulcers trophic practically does not cicatrize due to the violation of the power of the cells in the upper layers of the epidermis.
  3. Bleeding varices nodes. The wall of the vein if bulges and tapers that when small injuries are perfektisto, and it starts to bleed.

Spider veins is terrible that the inflammation of the veins may overflow on the system of deep veins. Small blood clots can detach from the wall of the deep veins and cause thromboembolism of the pulmonary artery.

Types of varicose veins

At the current stage of development phlebology specialists have developed a classification of varicose veins. According to him, release varicose veins types:

  • intradermal varicose veins, which manifests itself vascular asterisks on the skin;
  • spider veins great and small external veins in the form of knots and tightness;
  • the different skin types of varicose veins in the form of vascular of a hairnet.

This classification relates to the blood vessels, which is line superficially to the surface of the body.

The degree of development of the disease

The veins, at the stage easy of venous insufficiency can become a cause of disability and death. As the disease is fairly widespread, it is necessary to know the degree of varicose veins:

the stage of development of varicose veins
  1. Varicose veins 1 degree. Pregnancy, excess weight, poor position of the body for a long period of time may cause the early symptoms of lesions of the veins of the lower limbs. Many patients are unaware of 1 degree of varicose veins, this includes the severity and swelling of the feet fatigue. At this time, the spider veins is treated conservative methods, physiotherapy and massage of the feet.
  2. The varicosities 2 degree. Vienna increase and become visible. The veins in this measure is particularly painful takes place in the heat of the summer. There is a threat of thrombophlebitis. The treatment of degree 2 is also conservative, but more long. Its goal is to stop the further development of varicose veins, and the filing of the unpleasant symptoms.
  3. Varicose veins of 3 degrees. The symptoms of varicose veins to grow and does not pass with time. The disease takes a serious form and often complicated by Methods of conservative treatment are often powerless, have to resort to surgery.
  4. What is the varicosities 4 degree? Launched the degree of skin lesions and ulcers trophic. Only shows a surgical treatment.

Varicose veins stretches of years, there comes a time where the disease becomes obvious. It is important to pay attention to their own health and to seek help to phlebologist, who will prescribe you the appropriate treatment. This is not only protects the veins continue to rough in the wall, but can be life-saving.

The treatment of the varicose disease

How to treat varicose veins? Depending on the type and degree of development of the varicose disease of the veins, the experts distinguish between traditional methods of treatment of varicose veins:

  • compression;
  • the drug therapy;
  • girudoterapiya;
  • operational treatment types.

When the varicose veins 1 and 2 degree well to help traditional medicine, physical therapy and massage therapy.

Compression

How to get rid of varicose veins using a compression shirt? In the treatment and prevention of varicose veins attaches great importance to the wear and tear on the linens. Half-stockings, socks and tights have several features:

  • support and compress the wall of the advanced venous vessel, forcing it to redistribute the blood flow between patients and veins, taking with them the excess of the workload;
  • improve the trophism of the tissues through the elimination of congestion;
  • contribute to the enhanced muscle pump — the ejection of blood to the top during a physical effort;
  • correctly chosen the machine, minimizes the development of blood clots in the veins;
  • long port allows you to return to the normal physiological functions of the venous blood system (at 1 to 2 degrees).

A compression garment — a method more effective in comparison with elastic bands to treat varices of the veins.

the compression shirt

The fact that the machine does not take a lot of time, is always taken care of properly the patients veins, making it function. The disadvantages of compression linen may be attributed to a number of contra-indications, in which the port is prohibited, as is the fact that this method is prohibited during the varicose veins of the deep veins.

There are 4 compression ratio, which provides the machine at the port:

  1. The first class of compression is increasingly used for the prevention of varicose veins. It is prescribed to patients at risk: pregnant women, those who have appeared the varicosities and a mesh back, the people who are in service are obliged to much to sit or stand.
  2. The second class of compression the most popular among doctors and patients. The machine is used at various stages of venous insufficiency, varicose veins, and thrombophlebitis.
  3. The third class of compression is used in severe forms of venous insufficiency and varicose veins, also complicated ulcers trophic.
  4. The fourth and highest of the classes of compression are very rarely, when there is a violation of lymphatic drainage.

Drug therapy

How to deal with varicose veins with the help of drugs? Drug therapy, while varicose veins is an integrated part of a conservative treatment. It includes:

  • the oral intake of tablets and capsules;
  • the injection of drugs;
  • the application of the exterior facilities: ointments, creams, gels.

The course of treatment and the type of medication a patient chooses a doctor phlebologist. It assesses the degree of development of the disease and the patient's condition.

What to do in case of varicose veins? Generally, the basis of drug treatment is made up of several of the main groups of drugs.

Phlebotrophic of the tool. Their main destination is the restoration of the tonicity of the venous wall of the vessel. The treatment of the varicose disease phlebotonics in the early stages of disease development can reduce the process of deformation of the veins, removing veins and mesh back. In most cases, varicose veins prescribe: is it Possible to cure varicose veins with the help of these drugs? Venotonics can't eliminate varicose veins, but are able to effectively resolve the symptoms bothersome.

Medicines to thin the blood (anticoagulants). How to cure varicose veins with the help of these funds? The task of drugs of this group, maintaining a rate of blood parameters, reduce the risk of formation of blood clots, improve the peripheral circulation. The drugs are updated by the schema that defines a doctor. During the treatment, it makes adjustments based on the patient's condition and dynamics.

Anticoagulants can be taken exactly as prescribed by your doctor. The overdose can cause bleeding.

Nonsteroidal Anti-inflammatory drugs, such as a method of treatment of varicose veins, apply to symptomatic treatment of varicose veins: relieve pain, to eliminate seizures, increase blood circulation and reduce the inflammation of the damaged veins.

Nonsteroidal Anti-inflammatory drugs successfully treated varicose veins in the framework of the prevention of complications of varicose veins.

girudoterapiya when the varicose veins

Girudoterapiya in the treatment of varicose veins

Currently at the fight with varicose veins method hirudotherapy recognized traumatic, but the method used during the execution of the stages accumulates the signs of thrombophlebitis. The means of treatment of varicose veins leeches must take place exclusively in establishments that have the appropriate permissions, and requirements for aseptic production of leeches.

It must be remembered that girudoterapiya when the varicose veins can cause allergic reactions and the development of venous ulcers.

Operational types of treatment

The varicosities and surgical treatment applies in cases where:

  • the disease of the bottom running in the stadium;
  • there is pathologically increased in the wall of the veins;
  • found a violation of the circulation of the blood, which leads to the onset of pain, changes in the structure of the skin, the development of venous ulcers;
  • the course of the disease is difficult to thrombophlebitis.

In the absence of contraindications, surgeons-phlebologists to perform operations on the veins affected. At the present time several techniques:

  1. EVLT (endovenous laser photocoagulation). Revolutionary method for the treatment of varicose veins, which differs from the small travmatichnostyu. The operation is performed in an outpatient setting during a half-hour. The key is that the phlebologist of the laser beam seals sick of vienna, and the circulation of blood is placed on the health of the blood vessels.
  2. The sclerotherapy. Also applies to minimally invasive operations, when the result is reached in a few minutes with simple manipulations. Of the same property and of the varicose disease treatment using radio frequency. Special syringe with a very fine needle through the wall of the victim of a container is injected the drug, which makes the foam and closes the light. The flow of blood is sent into the vein healthy. The drug is reabsorbed and excreted by the kidneys.
  3. The phlebectomy. It is the surgical treatment of the method of removal of affected veins, which is assigned to you during 3 degree of varicose veins, when already there are ulcers, and other types of complications. Without operation, the consequences of varicose veins can be fatal.

phlebologist means the treatment, when the conservative treatment of the last stage of varicose veins no longer makes sense, or will not be effective.

19.12.2018