Varicose veins of the lower limbs — symptoms and treatment methods

About half of the adult population is experiencing the varicose veins of the lower limbs is not by hearsay. In addition to varicose veins suffer the fair sex, because of the transformations hormonal and love to be comfortable, too narrow clothes and shoes. The first signs of varicose veins are usually not noticed, but in the course of time are not only aesthetic problems, but serious complications that can have a significant impact on the usual way of life.

varicose veins of the lower limbs

The causes of the onset of the disease

The blood circulates through the body throughout our life, but for it to be lifted with the lower limbs towards the heart, veins have valves, barriers to the reverse current. During the time that they may lose tone because of what vessels become more fragile, and elongate, most often suffer of vienna, located in an area of the legs and feet, but also respond to injury in the stomach and the pelvic organs.

The main causes of the appearance of varicose veins of the lower limbs:

  • The lack of physical activity, sedentary behaviour;
  • In the event of prolonged exposure in a standing or seated position, the seated position of the foot on the leg;
  • Heavy exhausting to the physical workload, in particular, often it concerns the professional athletes;
  • The hereditary factor, abnormalities of the vascular tissue;
  • The hormonal changes in the body: pregnancy, menopause, hormone therapy;
  • Poor nutrition: the abuse of fatty and harmful eating, flour, and fast food;
  • Excess weight;
  • Smoking and alcohol consumption;
  • The port is a narrow, tight clothes and uncomfortable shoes and high heels.

The signs of varicose veins

The first symptoms of varicose veins of the lower limbs often go unnoticed. But it is at this stage of varicose veins, it is recommended that measures be taken to prevent the occurrence of complications. In later stages, easy to notice on the photo of varicose veins of the lower limbs.

Contact your doctor phlebologist or vascular surgeon, if you have the following symptoms:

  • Heaviness in the lower limbs;
  • Swelling
  • The feeling of fatigue of legs;
  • Burning Sensation and pain in the lower limbs;
  • Cramps in the legs at night;
  • Protruding veins, the manifestation of capillary stasis of the grid;
  • The change of color of the skin of the extremities, the pigmentation.

It is important!

The worsening of varicose veins of the lower limbs, most often in the evening, in the heat and after exercise. Then, begin to appear in advanced in vienna on the skin, in the terminal phase appear cake moist ulcers, develops scar tissue from subcutaneous fat.

the stage of development of varicose veins

The stage of development of varicose veins

Distinguish several stages of development of varicose veins, each of which has certain signs:

  1. The initial stage (compensation) of varicose veins is characterized by the appearance the only cosmetic defects on the skin – spider veins without any discomfort, they do not provide;
  2. The second phase, the varicose veins occur the lungs painful, mainly in the night, a small swelling of the dark of the night and the veins become more visible;
  3. In the third step, called subcompensation, the symptoms manifest more light, occurs heaviness in the legs, swelling, fatigue, and a burning sensation in the muscles, cramps in calves in night are more painful, the color of the skin – pigmentation;
  4. Decompensation – the fourth stage of development of varicose veins – may not be taken lightly: a strong increase of the size of the varicose veins, the legs swollen permanently in the area of the feet and ankles, feet, often painful, convulsions, and itching. Formation of venous ulcers and thrombophlebitis.

The possible complications

Many patients do not pay attention to varicose veins, since it is the only cosmetic defects, which will not bring serious consequences. But this is a false opinion, of varicose veins is hazardous, and can significantly affect a patient's life.

In the absence of treatment may develop such serious diseases such as thrombophlebitis (inflammation of vein walls), thrombosis (formation of clots), and may well be the appearance of a bleeding from varicose veins. Because of this color of the skin may become bluish or blush. If appeared a clot of blood ends,it can reach the blood vessels in the lungs, where partially or entirely to the obstruction of the ship, it's going to be at the origin of the development of the more severe of the disease, thrombo-embolism of the pulmonary artery, which often ends with a fatal outcome.

Wounds on the skin heal longer, breaks down the process of regeneration of the epidermis during the varicose veins, resulting in venous ulcers. Often the inflammation will join varicose veins, dermatitis and eczema, may be suffering from a secondary infection, which can cause an infection of the blood, septicaemia and lead to the amputation of a member.

the treatment of varicose veins

The treatment of varicose veins

Like any disease, varicose veins is the easiest to eliminate in start-up phase. To get rid of varicose veins using a conservative treatment, with drug therapy, the application of a regime, the wearing of a compression knitwear and traditional recipes. During the execution of the varicose the expansion of bath in the lower limbs, it is recommended a surgical procedure, there are several ways of operation, including minus traumatica of the procedure.

Conservative means

Apart from the dependence of the phase of development of the disease, it is recommended to review the food, add in the diet of fresh fruits and vegetables, reduce the consumption of junk food. It is also important to perform physical exercises light, which will help strengthen the muscles of the lower limbs.

Excellent results shows the treatment of varicose veins, complemented by a massage and a cold shower. They improve blood circulation and stimulate the functioning of the valves of the veins.

Pharmacy of the tool

Early varicose veins of the lower limbs is used only for compression with a bit of compression. With the development of the disease apply the cloth with a greater degree of the pressure, she chose a doctor, and he is also prescribed the medication.

The main types of medicines, ensure the treatment of varicose veins:

  • Venotonic the means – to improve the state of the blood vessels, stimulate blood circulation;
  • Medications that thin the blood, which prevents the formation of blood clots. They produce in the form of pills or injections;
  • Medicines, relieve inflammation, and use it to reduce the pain and swelling.

The traditional recipes

The traditional methods of best act at the beginning of varicose veins expansion, or in the adjuvant setting. It is recommended to use the tool internally, and for topical application.

  • Mix in equal proportions, the classic soap, bacon, onion, and millet. The resulting mixture to apply on the whole of the lower limb in the night, and then wrap a cloth or a film for the creation of scelerisque effectum;
  • Pay 10 chestnuts or 50 g walnuts 500 ml of vodka and put the liquid in a container. Let it sit in the well-corked bottle, in a dark place, periodically shake the bottle. After 21 days, strain the infusion. Take his need before eating 30 drops diluted in 2 tablespoons of water. This will help to strengthen the blood vessels and stimulate blood circulation.


One of the alternative methods of resolution of varices is girudoterapiya – the use of leeches. This therapeutic method is performed only when the thrombophlebitis. But there is a risk of contamination and development of venous bleeding, which is why this method is not acceptable by the majority of doctors.



In severe cases, the treatment of varicose veins of the lower limbs can be only surgical. Bulge of the vessel is not returning to its original location and conservative ways, therefore, it is necessary to the operation. The modern techniques virtually do not bring negative effects on the body, have a minimum of a period of rehabilitation.

The indications of surgical treatment:

  • A significant increase of the veins under the skin;
  • Many ulcers trophic;
  • The risk of thromboembolism;
  • Thrombophlebitis;
  • The forces of the swelling, the fatigue of the feet and acute pain.

Counter-indications for operations include pregnancy, infectious diseases, coronary artery disease, pyodermite and eczema.

Laser Photocoagulation

A variant of operation, in which it is not necessary to use the scalpel: in the vein of the introduced laser beam seals the internal wall of the tank. The procedure is performed under local anesthesia, takes no more than 2 hours. It is recommended to use on the capillaries of 1 cm, but allowed and with a greater diameter. Absent the recovery period immediately after the treatment, the patient can return to a normal life.

Laser therapy is prescribed to patients with cardiovascular diseases, urogenital diseases, high blood pressure, and in the case where is contra-indicated for a rapid response.


Laser Photocoagulation helps to get rid not only of varicose veins of the lower limbs, but of venous ulcers.

Radiofrequency ablation

Under the effect of microwave radiofrequency farm thinning in the patient vienna without cuts and wounds of the skin. Therefore, the method of radiofrequency ablation is minimally invasive, does not require rehabilitation, and is performed under local anesthesia. After the procedure, does not remain scars and the traces of the intervention, is not violated, the ability to work.

The course only lasts 7 days, and the effect lasts no more than 30 minutes of a vein.



This procedure can be performed at any stage of the evolution of the disease, when the size of the ship does not exceed 1 cm in diameter. The essence of the method is that, in the vein introduces a small amount of sclerosant specific is an adhesive substance venous dormer, after which the capillary is no longer involved in the process of the circulation of the blood.

The rehabilitation period is missing after the manipulation, you can immediately go. In a period of one month after the holding of the sclerotherapy, it is recommended to wear underwear corrective.


Miniphlebectomy is endoscopic surgery, where an incision is made in the skin the size of a few millimeters, and with the help of hooks for the capture and stretched sick of the plot of vienna. The method applies to vessels of any size, a period of rehabilitation lasting several weeks, it is recommended to wear compression. On the site of the puncture is still a small barely noticeable scar.

Classic phlebectomy

Explicit signs of venous insufficiency sometimes spend a classical operation of abscisione veins, but in recent years, it is often replaced by other, more course of the intervention.

During an operation removes the damaged superficial or deep and normalizes the blood circulation in the extremities. This method consists of finding in a hospital and a long recovery period of six months.

The varicosities of the lower limbs strike the men and women of any age. This is the disease detract from the appearance of the legs, brings discomfort, and in the absence of treatment may lead to serious consequences, such as amputation and death. The phase of development of the disease, many patients confuse varicose veins common leg fatigue, because of what the disease continues to evolve, and until that does occur, the distinctive character of the symptoms. There are a variety of treatments, they include the surgery and the methods conservative.