Varicose veins on the legs, the symptoms on the species, the principles of treatment

The disease of "the vast geography", which is diagnosed in more than half of the inhabitants of the earth – varicose veins of the lower limbs.

The pathology is due to high irregularities in the flow system of venous blood in the foot area, an overshoot of capacity and vascular obstruction, that the development of the degradation process in the venous walls. This process is facilitated by the inconsistency of valve system and connective tissue weakness of the vein.

the reasons of varicose veins

What are the "root of evil"?

A huge place a system of tanks, including surface waters and deep vessels venous, supplies blood, to the heart of man. The links between them by a sort of alarm system, providing timely discharge of blood.

The main burden of ensuring the circulation represent vessels venous, which lie in the depths of, because of its volume and strength. And just a small dose of expense shall take the vessel outside.

The heart, like a pump, "continued" the blood vascular channels. When certain expenses (the walk of the man, bending the legs, etc), the heart, for the push in veins, overcomes the gravitational force (the gravity). When the leg muscle tissues relaxed (in the case of low natrenirovannosti or in the state of rest), under the weight of the seriousness of blood, quickly descends to the feet.

The presence on the walls of the veins particular of the pockets facilitates the implementation of valve function and prevents the circulation of the blood. The value of the relief valve of the system is very important, it plays the role of a trigger and all its corruption leads to disruption of blood circulation and strengthen the blood flow, discharged to the bottom.

This causes the stagnation of blood in the veins, the expansion and the inflammation, swelling, and bulging, the inconsistency of the valve of the system is not able to cut an enlarged vienna. The result of the violation of blood circulation in the limbs and varicose veins with venous extension.

Causes of varicose veins

The disease has two forms of development, primary and secondary. The genesis of the primary varicose veins of the legs due to diseases of the venous wall:

  • reduction of the tone;
  • the loss of elasticity;
  • increased intravenous pressure;
  • nodular formations in the vessels.

In the development of these pathologies is not the last role to play:

  • a genetic predisposition;
  • advanced age;
  • excess weight and injuries;
  • the major loads on the veins of the legs.

Trigger the development of the disease can be sudden load on the legs and overwork, pregnancy and childbirth. The consequence of these factors, in most cases, become a pressure increase in members and the damage of the valve of the device.

The secondary reason of the form – post-thrombotic varicose veins is caused by processes in the vascular system of the feet in shape:

  • of the thrombosis, transferred in the primary stage of the disease;
  • malformations, vascular dysplasia, and fistulas in the arteries and the veins;
  • the syndrome Parkes-Weber;
  • tumors and trauma;
  • immunological and neuroendocrine violations.
spider veins of the legs

A further factor contributing to the development of varicose veins in women can be used of oral contraceptives, causing a hormone imbalance. A direct correlation has not been confirmed, but by reason of their receipt, may develop process is already a pathology due to varicose veins of the lower limbs.

The first signs of varicose veins on the legs are not specific and rare. Very expressed during the varicose veins, the pain syndrome in the legs during the charge, accompanied by a burning sensation in the affected areas.

A common phenomenon – the fatigue of the feet, swelling of the back area of the feet and ankles. You receive the syndrome of the pain whining of the nature, walking on the road of blood vessels venous.

Ordinary the sign of the initial phase of the disease is that the pain and swelling are more pronounced in the evening and in the morning spend. The visible changes of the veins at the beginning of the disease is not observed. The patient may feel a great fatigue.

The condition progresses slowly, may develop with the years. The absence of timely treatment, can manifest chronic venous insufficiency.

7 the main symptoms of varicose veins of the legs

The main symptoms of varicose veins on the legs are characterized by:

1. External changes of the blood vessels. Modified the shape and configuration of deep and subcutaneous vessels of the most tragic symptom of varicose veins. Celebrated BAG or uniform, uneven thickening of the vessels of nodular entities.

They become bluish violet color. Previously, is not noticeable in the small vessels, is reflected on the surface in the form of vascular of the grid. Often, these changes occur in the tibia in the area of the foot.

2. The syndrome. Ordinary of the event – the muscles of the calf. With the development of the disease, they become stronger and are accompanied by muscle cramps tibia, the decrease of the pain in a lying position, and of renewal, during the transition to the standing position.

The palpation is painful in the absence of visible changes, confirming the pathological changes in-depth in the underlying vessels.

3. The swelling. The manifestation of swollen legs in the process of varicose veins, a feature of the symptomatology. Manifests the localization on the lower third of the leg and feet. In this case, in the perspective of the defeat occurs itching of the skin.

If, during a night of rest, the pockets will not fall, it is a warning signal of the final stage of the evolution of the disease (stage of decompensation). In such a situation, it is appropriate to exclude from the membership of the infection and do not miss the development of venous ulcers.

4. Itching of the skin, which manifests itself before the development of acute symptoms of varicose veins, if already encountered expressed by the pathologies of the flow venous.

5. Hyperpigmentation, appearing on the light background of clinical signs. The skin in the area of the damaged veins, on the road and in close proximity to places of injuries and damage to property, subject to the induration (compaction), to become dark and edematous, occurs a thinning of the surface epithelium and atrophy of the subcutaneous structure.

6. Hyperthermia a sense that the permanent freezing of the limbs, fingers and toes.

the symptoms of varicose veins

7. The development of venous ulcers is considered as the complicated option of varicose veins, is the result of the evolution of the skin at the last stage of the disease.

People who are different and evolve differently according to the individual peculiarities of the location of blood vessels and venous (superficial or deep).

Therefore, the most dangerous "submarine stone" of varicose veins is discrete, asymptomatic, which may manifest itself immediately executed step.

Your doctor should ask?

During the very manifestation of the first signs of the disease, you should immediately consult a physician. Indeed, at an early stage, the development of the disease can even stop a medical treatment. The treatment of varicose veins on the legs takes care of a specialist in veins.

If a specialist in a clinic no, you can resolve the issue by assigning them to an appropriate treatment, a medical specialist in vascular surgery.

The treatment of varicose veins on the legs

The treatment of varicose veins of the legs is constructed in accordance with the degree of vascular lesions.

  1. The first step is due to the manifestation of the syndrome of fatigue of the legs accompanied by swelling.
  2. The second phase focuses pathology permanent swelling, pigmentation of the skin with the seal of the subcutaneous structures (fibers), and the development of outbreaks of eczema.
  3. The third stage is characterized by ulcerative defects trophic of genesis.

Of course, to stop the process is easier not to wait until the third degree of the disease. In the early stages to stop the process can still be a drug treatment, and supplements for effectiveness, the remedies.

There are many ways of treatment of varicose veins on the legs in the early stages of the disease. These include drug therapy or different procedures minimally invasive technology.

First of all, it is a garment of compression (stockings, tights, socks) and elastic bandage. When the pressure of certain groups of muscles is to improve blood circulation and reduce the process of stagnation of the blood. This technique eliminates the continued expansion of vessels and the development of a thrombosis.

Today, the ideal medications of varicose veins, which have influenced every aspect of the pathogenic process in the development of the disease is not. In most cases, apply a number of treatments. Partially to stop the development process in the early stages of a conservative treatment can be, but already had the antennae, the education of drugs clean up impossible.

The quick response

During the execution of the process of varicose veins on the legs, the operation is not avoided. Modern methods of minimally invasive and radically different to the old methods. Are distinguished by a small travmatichnostyu and the explicit absence of the pain. It is:

  • the minimally invasive technique flebectomia eliminates the pathology of venous return;
  • multiple changes crossectomy customized according to the current of the pathology;
  • the methodology sclerosing based on the elimination of blood flow by the method of agglutination of the wall of the vein;
  • closure venous thinning laser coagulation;
  • treatment of varicose veins of the great vessels method of radiofrequency ablation;
  • and the allowing combines sclerosing and flebectomia.
the treatment of varicose veins

The method of treatment is chosen taking into account the clinical picture. It is therefore very important to consult a doctor in time. Never trust the effectiveness of various treatment techniques at home.

They are only able to relieve the symptoms, but completely cured are not able. The most effective ways, employees complement the medical treatment are:

  • compresses, the tincture and the warming of the wraps of fruit kernels, the green of the bark, leaves, and inflorescences well-known for its medicinal properties, horse-chestnut;
  • compresses and trituration affected by the veins the cider vinegar;
  • lotions and compresses infusion of curd with wormwood;
  • a spa for the feet and the packs on the blue clay;
  • the consumption of grape juice or wine of red grape varieties.

And of course, person will not damage the recommended and selected by the physician of the specific exercises of PHYSIOTHERAPY.

Prevention of varicose veins

As preventive measures apply:

  • infusion of the feet with a gradual reduction of the temperature, to improve the circulation;
  • foot baths followed by a grinding with a towel, and the therapeutic application of the cream;
  • massage;
  • during a stay to keep your feet in an elevated position.

It is recommended to: refuse the visit in the heat of the steam baths, saunas, to exclude the exercise of the leg. Balancing a nutritious diet and quit smoking and alcohol. Remove the excess weight and to choose comfortable shoes.

15.06.2019