Causes, symptoms of varicose veins in the legs

causes, symptoms and treatment of varicose veins in the legs

According to statistics, 30% of women and 10% of men suffer from varicose veins. This problem is more common among people between the ages of 30 and 40. Places of manifestation of the disease: arms, shoulders, rectal wall, esophagus, bladder. As a rule, varicose veins on the legs make themselves felt more often, the symptoms of which are a serious cosmetic problem.

What are varicose veins on the legs

Varicose veins affect the saphenous and deep veins. The latter lose elasticity and original shape, expand, swell strongly and become sinuous. As a result, seals are formed - "spider veins". What are varicose veins in the legs, why do they develop?

The real problem is the bad direction of the blood flow. The venous system of the legs consists of superficial, connective and deep veins, in which there are special valves, consisting of two cusps that close and prevent the reverse movement of blood. With the expansion of the superficial veins, the closure of the valves loosens. For this reason, the blood is passed in the opposite direction and a supply is formed in the superficial veins.

So everything develops in sequence. Since there is more blood in the connective veins, therefore, the load on them is increased and they also begin to expand. The blood, which should pass completely into the deep veins, seeps back into the superficial ones, further expanding them. As a result, noticeable convex veins appear on the legs.

A consequence of the formation of reverse blood flow is a slowing of blood movement, and this is already a probable cause of thrombosis, which impedes the free flow of blood in the veins.

Varicose veins on the legs: symptoms and stages

Varicose veins on the legs are manifested by the following symptoms:

  1. pain in problem areas;
  2. leg cramps;
  3. burning in the veins;
  4. edema;
  5. pigmentation and thickening;
  6. purple or purple venous walls;
  7. trophic ulcers.

The first four symptoms are characteristic of the initial stage of varicose veins, and the following - for the progressive form.

Varicose veins: causes

Varicose veins of the lower extremities occur under the influence of a number of reasons:

  • being overweight;
  • nervous disorders;
  • smoke;
  • alcohol consumption;
  • excessive sunburn;
  • frequent use of the sauna;
  • abuse of hot baths;
  • wear tight socks, stockings.

Below we will take a closer look at other causes of varicose veins on the legs, identified by doctors.

  1. Genetic predisposition.If the parents had varicose veins, then, most likely, their children will develop this ailment (the probability is up to 75%).
  2. Nuances of work.Often the pathology under consideration is characteristic of people engaged in standing work. In this position, excessive pressure is exerted on the legs. In addition, people who work seated suffer from varicose veins. We are talking about the so-called "computer varicose veins".
  3. Hormonal imbalance.The disease makes itself felt in the fairer sex during puberty. Often the disorder is diagnosed in pregnant women, in women in menopause. Hormonal disturbances can lead to blood stasis.
  4. Age transformations.With age, the walls of the venous vessels lose elasticity and plasticity, the functionality of the valves is compromised and this can lead to venous congestion and consequent varicose veins.

Traditional methods of treating varicose veins

An effective treatment strategy implies an integrated approach. Pharmacological procedures are complemented by adjuvant therapy. Traditional methods have proven effective (especially in the early stages).

  • One of the most effective folk remedies is minced garlic (with white peels) and butter (1: 2 ratio). The mixture is rubbed with problem areas, on the upper legs it is wrapped with parchment paper (you can use a bandage, scarf). In the morning, the mixture is washed off and something warm is put on its feet.
  • In summer, slices of green tomatoes are tied to the diseased veins at night, in winter, tomato paste is tied. Lycopene contained in tomatoes protects the walls of blood vessels from overheating, increases their elasticity and lowers blood pressure.
  • Kalanchoe will help alleviate the course of the disease. The product is prepared in a liter jar, into which the leaves are poured 1/2, then alcohol (70%) is poured. The medicine is infused for two weeks. It is recommended to shake the solution daily. The resulting infusion is used to lubricate the legs and feet before going to bed. The tool relieves pain well.
  • Fresh potatoes can also relieve pain. Rub a few potatoes on a grater, apply the gruel on the feet for about 4 hours.
  • Make dandelion root ointment. The root is dried and crushed. The resulting powder is poured with water and boiled until it thickens. Then the pork fat is added. You should get a creamy mass. Store the ointment in the refrigerator.

In addition to external products, there are recipes for decoctions that improve blood circulation.

Prevention of varicose veins in the legs

Compliance with preventive measures will help to avoid the development and further progression of the disease. Experts recommend the following:

  • At the first symptoms of varicose veins on the legs, it is necessary to consult a specialist who will advise you on blood thinners.
  • In case of mild pain, it is necessary to lift the feet. While lying or sitting, put a pillow under your feet. It is also good to do the exercise with compression stockings.
  • A good preventative measure is a cool shower. Low temperature is good for blood circulation, hardens blood vessels. Therefore, it is highly recommended that you massage your feet with a cold shower, especially if you have massage accessories. Hot baths, prolonged tanning, hair removal with hot wax are prohibited - these are factors that contribute to the development of the disease.
  • Baths with infusion of calendula, hypericum, horsetail or horse chestnut are useful. Sea salt or regular salt will work fine too. The duration of the procedure is half an hour.
  • If you have a sedentary job, remember to do a simple exercise. With your legs crossed, rotate the top of your foot clockwise. So 15 rotations of each foot.
  • Calf Raises are the right solution. Stand on your heels and, keeping your hand against the wall, make soft rolls on your toes. So a couple of dozen times. Basically, any physical activity, even a regular walk, will improve blood circulation.
  • Increase the proportion of foods rich in vitamin E. In your diet are egg yolk, wheat, beans, cabbage and dill. In addition, the venous system needs vitamin R. Therefore, it is necessary to consume more foods that contain it: peanuts, nuts, green tea, citrus.

Besides all this, remember the basic rules:

  1. eat less fatty foods;
  2. do not cross one leg over the other;
  3. Avoid tights with tight elastic or tight socks, uncomfortable shoes and heels that are too high.

Treatment of varicose veins is not an easy process. If you are at risk, do early prevention.

Knowing the causes of varicose veins in the legs and finding the first symptoms, take care of its elimination and consult a doctor.

Healthy eating, following the recommendations of doctors, folk recipes will help relieve pain, stop the development of the disease, get rid of its manifestations.

01.03.2021