Methods and ways to treat varicose veins

Varicose veins are a disorder from which more than half of modern people suffer from unpleasant symptoms.

The appearance of the deformation of the veins on the legs is largely due to the fact that a person is a bipedal creature, the main supports of his body as a result of evolutionary processes are only the legs, while the arms perform other functions.

phlebeurism

It is not for nothing that representatives of the animal world, leaning on four limbs, did not register symptoms of varicose veins such as swelling, pain in the legs protruding on the skin surface of the veins.

This article will discuss what varicose veins are and how to deal with them.

What is venous disease

Currently, the causes and principles of the development of the disease have been studied quite thoroughly and many ways have been invented on how to treat varicose veins.

But first you need to establish what varicose veins are and how do they form?

Varicose veins are characterized by a malfunction of the internal valves of the great vessels.

The result of this pathology are the following negative factors: the blood flows entering the lower limbs from the heart are not completely directed (as should happen in the body of a healthy person) in the opposite direction, as a result of which stagnationform in the vessels of the calves of the legs, and the veins themselves undergo a process of deformation - expansion.

As the veins are deformed, protrude under the surface of the skin itself, the edema worsens, there is a feeling of heaviness and relaxation in the area affected by the varicose veins.

In case of further development of the disease, its next stage is the formation of blood clots in the veins (thrombi), which represent an immediate danger to life, as well as trophic ulcers, which pose a threat to thelimb amputation.

What could be the cause of the disease

Varicose veins as a serious disease occur due to the presence of one or more factors. Some of them are:

  • Hereditary factor. If your mother or grandmother has found bothersome venous lumps on your shins, the likelihood of you needing to undergo treatment with a vascular surgeon increases significantly.
  • Characteristics of the profession: it includes both specialties that involve a long standing during the day, and professional activities associated with a long sitting in the workplace.
  • An unbalanced diet, uncontrolled consumption of salinity, marinades, fatty foods, strong coffee and tea and soda.
  • Abuse of cigarettes and alcohol.
  • Excessive fullness, forcing the lower limbs to bear a greater load, and the veins in the legs - to expand.
  • Hormonal changes in the body. This includes both periods of pregnancy and menopause and long-term hormone therapy.

A dangerous disease, isn't it?

Having studied this information, most people who care about their health and strive to maintain it for a long time ask themselves the question: how to treat varicose veins to prevent the development of the disease and, if possible, preventthe relapses?

The fight against varicose veins involves different types, directions and principles.

Among the ways to treat varicose veins of the legs, we can conditionally highlight the following:

Preventive measures

Respect by the patient of a series of rules aimed at preventing both the onset and progression of the disease. So, the fight against varicose veins at home includes the following recommendations and restrictions:

  1. A radical and critical revision of the daily wardrobe. Without regrets, get rid of unnecessarily tight and uncomfortable synthetic clothing that does not let the skin of your feet breathe.
    The same rule applies to shoes: all shoes and boots that deprive your feet of comfort when walking, have a high heel or an awkward shape, as well as made from low-quality unnatural raw materials, take them to the garbage, if the hand does not rise, give them to those in need.
    Your wardrobe should contain only comfortable and comfortable clothes and shoes made from natural materials.
  2. Change your diet: all smoked meats, excessively fatty and sweet foods, concentrated drinks, alcohol cause blood clots, which means they are now taboo for you.
  3. Normalize your weight, drive away excess.
  4. Give up your cravings for alcohol and cigarettes!
  5. Spend 15-20 minutes a day to complete a therapeutic complex of sports exercises. These include: side kicks, limb lifting lying on the floor, "cycling", rolling on the toes, then on the heels and vice versa, jogging on a flat path, a specially selected set of yoga asanas and even simple walks are great.
gymnastics for the prevention of varicose veins

Compression garments

Another method created to combat varicose veins on the legs involves the use of compression stockings. These products come in three main forms: knee-highs, tights, and stockings. The compression class (tensile strength) of such underwear can be different:

  • I (prophylactic), recommended in the presence of initial symptoms of varicose veins, for example capillary mesh.
  • II, mainly used for the postoperative rehabilitation of venous patients.
  • III, doctors recommend such underwear to patients who have been diagnosed with severe manifestations of varicose veins such as thrombophlebitis, strong and persistent edema, trophic ulcers.
  • IV, used by patients whose limbs are suffering from pathological edema, venous pathologies of a congenital nature.

Drugs

An important place among the methods of conservative therapy for the veins of the calves of the legs is occupied by medicinal methods of treating varicose veins, which involve the use of both external agents - ointments, creams and gels and tablets.

As a rule, the vascular doctor prescribes the patient a whole series of drugs, thanks to which the symptoms of varicose veins are eliminated: swelling, pain, burning and cramps, blood thickening, blood clots, intravenous inflammation.

All drugs can be conditionally divided into several categories according to the principle of therapeutic effect:

  • Venotonic drugs, the action of which is aimed at strengthening the walls of diseased vessels, giving them a healthy tone, preventing further stretching and deformation.
  • Blood thinning agents that normalize the viscosity of the blood by activating its movement within the blood vessels and arteries. These drugs also interfere with blood clots and help dissolve existing blood clots.
  • Anti-inflammatory drugs that relieve inflammation of the inner walls of blood vessels and prevent its occurrence.
medicines for varicose veins

There are also drugs for complex effects among drugs, for example, drugs produced in the form of gels and ointments.

Not only normalizes blood viscosity, dilutes it, relieves pain, swelling, night cramps, but also significantly reduces the risk of inflammatory processes.

Operating methods

If conservative methods of treatment prove insufficiently effective and efficient, the recommendations of doctors - phlebologists will suggest surgical intervention of varying degrees of complexity.

Types of minimally invasive vein surgeries that do not involve severe surgery, general anesthesia and a long rehabilitation period. These measures to combat deformed veins include:

Sclerotherapy

With the help of a needle, a composition is injected into the diseased vessel, the action of which leads to gluing of the veins. The total time of the procedure cannot be more than 10 minutes.

This type of varicose veins is gaining popularity.

Laser and radiofrequency ablation

Due to the laser or frequencies entering the vessels through the probe, they are welded and covered with connective tissue.

These methods are effective only in cases where varicose veins are affected by superficial veins with a diameter of not more than 5 millimeters, located directly under the skin, and the disease itself has not progressed to severe stages, accompanied by damage tolarge areas of veins.

The rehabilitation period after these types of surgery is not required, the patient is advised only to correct the lifestyle, physical therapy, take medications and wear compression stockings.

If the deep vessels of the calves of the legs, located in the thickness of the muscles, are affected by varicose veins, the patient is overweight or the diameter of the diseased veins is more than 5 millimeters, and also with a combination ofthese factors, there are indications for a classic surgery: phlebectomy or microflebectomy.

The type of surgery recommended depends, first of all, on the degree of development and severity of lesions of the venous vessels.

Microflebectomy

This type of surgery involves the resection of micro-areas of diseased veins, when a venous vessel is removed through an incision in the soft tissue using a special needle with a rounded end and the affected area of the vein is excised.

Recovery after this operation with the use of local anesthesia takes about 5-7 days, after which the patient can return to normal life, provided that compression underwear is worn.

Classic phlebectomy

This operation involves the complete removal of a diseased vessel (or a large part of it), is performed under general anesthesia, and involves a long rehabilitation period given its severity and rather high trauma.

Classical phlebectomy for varicose veins

This type of treatment is recommended in severe stages of varicose veins, when all ways to deal with it have not brought the desired result, and the dangerous symptoms of the disease are still present and pose a serious threat to the patient's health andlife.

Conclusion

The conclusion of this article is as follows: varicose veins are an insidious, painful and intractable disease that affects people regardless of gender, age and income.

The fight against the symptoms of varicose veins, as a rule, takes a long time, hurts a lot and does not always allow you to completely get rid of the disease, without the risk of relapse.

Therefore, every modern person needs to carefully monitor the state of his health, not to ignore the symptoms of varicose veins, so as not to face a problem later: how to deal with it?

As you know, disease prevention is the best treatment. Adhere to a healthy lifestyle, adjust your diet, devote time to physical activity. Fight addictions.

Be careful, don't self-medicate! Good health and excellent health!

14.03.2021