Varicose veins are a disorder from which more than half of modern people suffer from unpleasant symptoms.
The appearance of the deformation of the veins on the legs is largely due to the fact that a person is a bipedal creature, the main supports of his body as a result of evolutionary processes are only the legs, while the arms perform other functions.
It is not for nothing that representatives of the animal world, leaning on four limbs, did not register symptoms of varicose veins such as swelling, pain in the legs protruding on the skin surface of the veins.
This article will discuss what varicose veins are and how to deal with them.
Currently, the causes and principles of the development of the disease have been studied quite thoroughly and many ways have been invented on how to treat varicose veins.
But first you need to establish what varicose veins are and how do they form?
Varicose veins are characterized by a malfunction of the internal valves of the great vessels.
The result of this pathology are the following negative factors: the blood flows entering the lower limbs from the heart are not completely directed (as should happen in the body of a healthy person) in the opposite direction, as a result of which stagnationform in the vessels of the calves of the legs, and the veins themselves undergo a process of deformation - expansion.
As the veins are deformed, protrude under the surface of the skin itself, the edema worsens, there is a feeling of heaviness and relaxation in the area affected by the varicose veins.
In case of further development of the disease, its next stage is the formation of blood clots in the veins (thrombi), which represent an immediate danger to life, as well as trophic ulcers, which pose a threat to thelimb amputation.
Varicose veins as a serious disease occur due to the presence of one or more factors. Some of them are:
A dangerous disease, isn't it?
Having studied this information, most people who care about their health and strive to maintain it for a long time ask themselves the question: how to treat varicose veins to prevent the development of the disease and, if possible, preventthe relapses?
The fight against varicose veins involves different types, directions and principles.
Among the ways to treat varicose veins of the legs, we can conditionally highlight the following:
Respect by the patient of a series of rules aimed at preventing both the onset and progression of the disease. So, the fight against varicose veins at home includes the following recommendations and restrictions:
Another method created to combat varicose veins on the legs involves the use of compression stockings. These products come in three main forms: knee-highs, tights, and stockings. The compression class (tensile strength) of such underwear can be different:
An important place among the methods of conservative therapy for the veins of the calves of the legs is occupied by medicinal methods of treating varicose veins, which involve the use of both external agents - ointments, creams and gels and tablets.
As a rule, the vascular doctor prescribes the patient a whole series of drugs, thanks to which the symptoms of varicose veins are eliminated: swelling, pain, burning and cramps, blood thickening, blood clots, intravenous inflammation.
All drugs can be conditionally divided into several categories according to the principle of therapeutic effect:
There are also drugs for complex effects among drugs, for example, drugs produced in the form of gels and ointments.
Not only normalizes blood viscosity, dilutes it, relieves pain, swelling, night cramps, but also significantly reduces the risk of inflammatory processes.
If conservative methods of treatment prove insufficiently effective and efficient, the recommendations of doctors - phlebologists will suggest surgical intervention of varying degrees of complexity.
Types of minimally invasive vein surgeries that do not involve severe surgery, general anesthesia and a long rehabilitation period. These measures to combat deformed veins include:
With the help of a needle, a composition is injected into the diseased vessel, the action of which leads to gluing of the veins. The total time of the procedure cannot be more than 10 minutes.
This type of varicose veins is gaining popularity.
Due to the laser or frequencies entering the vessels through the probe, they are welded and covered with connective tissue.
These methods are effective only in cases where varicose veins are affected by superficial veins with a diameter of not more than 5 millimeters, located directly under the skin, and the disease itself has not progressed to severe stages, accompanied by damage tolarge areas of veins.
The rehabilitation period after these types of surgery is not required, the patient is advised only to correct the lifestyle, physical therapy, take medications and wear compression stockings.
If the deep vessels of the calves of the legs, located in the thickness of the muscles, are affected by varicose veins, the patient is overweight or the diameter of the diseased veins is more than 5 millimeters, and also with a combination ofthese factors, there are indications for a classic surgery: phlebectomy or microflebectomy.
The type of surgery recommended depends, first of all, on the degree of development and severity of lesions of the venous vessels.
This type of surgery involves the resection of micro-areas of diseased veins, when a venous vessel is removed through an incision in the soft tissue using a special needle with a rounded end and the affected area of the vein is excised.
Recovery after this operation with the use of local anesthesia takes about 5-7 days, after which the patient can return to normal life, provided that compression underwear is worn.
This operation involves the complete removal of a diseased vessel (or a large part of it), is performed under general anesthesia, and involves a long rehabilitation period given its severity and rather high trauma.
This type of treatment is recommended in severe stages of varicose veins, when all ways to deal with it have not brought the desired result, and the dangerous symptoms of the disease are still present and pose a serious threat to the patient's health andlife.
The conclusion of this article is as follows: varicose veins are an insidious, painful and intractable disease that affects people regardless of gender, age and income.
The fight against the symptoms of varicose veins, as a rule, takes a long time, hurts a lot and does not always allow you to completely get rid of the disease, without the risk of relapse.
Therefore, every modern person needs to carefully monitor the state of his health, not to ignore the symptoms of varicose veins, so as not to face a problem later: how to deal with it?
As you know, disease prevention is the best treatment. Adhere to a healthy lifestyle, adjust your diet, devote time to physical activity. Fight addictions.
Be careful, don't self-medicate! Good health and excellent health!