Symptoms of varicose veins on the legs and treatment depend on each other. When varicose veins on the legs have just begun to develop, it can be stopped by taking specialized medications and applying creams. They will help weakened vessels restore their former tone. If the signs of varicose veins in the legs began to appear stronger, eg. spider veins and severe edema appear, so it is worth resorting to apparatus therapy that restores normal blood circulation.
Not all patients know how to properly treat varicose veins in the legs without surgery. Some suggest that taking herbs and using homemade ointments can help, but these are only a small part of the methods for treating varicose veins on the legs that are effective in the early stages of the disease. When the symptoms of varicose veins on the legs become permanent, it is necessary to consult a doctor who prescribes the necessary medications and advice on how to treat a particular patient. We will also consider the most popular methods for the treatment of varicose veins of the lower limbs (VLD).
As mentioned above, the shape of varicose veins affects the features of its treatment. In the early stages, doctors try to get by with drug therapy. One of its advantages is the absence of direct surgery. But even if the varicose veins of the lower limbs have passed to the second stage, you can not stop taking the drugs. They will help improve blood flow with varicose veins and prevent further stretching of the vascular wall.
These funds increase the tone of the blood vessels in the legs. They can be used to treat veins that are close to the surface of the legs. If the deep veins are affected by the disease, ointments and gels will not help, because they cannot penetrate the muscle barriers. Treatment of varicose veins on the legs is carried out with the following drugs:
If the expansion of the veins in the legs progresses or during the examination it was revealed that the patient has weak and thin veins, doctors prescribe pills.
If the patient has small affected veins, then the treatment of varicose veins of the lower extremities can be carried out by introducing various drugs that have a gluing effect on the vessels. Most often, iodine-based products or synthetic sclerosing substances are used. The advantage of these drugs is that they do not provoke thrombosis, but simply burn the vascular wall. Injections with animal proteins can also be given, but they are used very rarely.
The expansion of the lower limb veins cannot always be cured with conventional injections and medications. In the advanced stages of the disease, a hardware effect on the affected vessels will be required. The essence of all procedures is to stop or eliminate the affected vein. If the patient has contraindications to the use of lasers, nitrogen and other chemicals, the destroyed vessels are surgically removed. When treating varicose veins, the patient may be referred to:
Each method of treatment has positive and negative characteristics and is suitable only for a specific type of varicose veins. Latent varicose veins of the lower extremities are rarely treated with surgery. In this case, the only effective way to eliminate it is to apply clips to the entire surface of the vein. The operation is very difficult and is extremely rare if the vasodilation threatens the patient's life.
Varicose veins of the lower limbs can be treated with sclerosing agents. They damage the ship, which leads to its further drying. After the introduction of the sclerosant, the stumps are formed in 2-4 months, but patients notice the first advantages of the procedure 10-15 days after the operation. The most significant advantage of this procedure is the absence of incisions on the skin. There is also a downside. Not all patients have a damaged vein closed off from the bloodstream. About 30% of patients regenerate and the disease continues to develop further. Stages of sclerotherapy:
When conservative treatment for varicose veins on the legs does not help at all, there is a risk of developing chronic venous insufficiency (CVI) of the lower limbs, and minimally invasive methods of affecting the veins do not work, doctors refer the patient to phlebectomy. This is done to remove large bundles of overly dilated sections of blood vessels. The patient should be given anesthesia. Most often, doctors resort to combined phlebectomy. The operation is performed as follows:
Phlebectomy can include one or more stages or all. The number of procedures depends on the degree of neglect of the disease. In modern clinics, laser phlebectomy is performed. The very essence of the operation remains the same, but instead of specialized surgical tools, a laser is used. The advantages of this method are obvious. The incisions themselves become smaller and patients recover faster. But not at all stages of varicose veins can be applied.
To have varicose-free legs, you don't have to sacrifice the beauty of your skin. With the help of radiofrequency ablation, you can get rid of damaged vessels in a couple of minutes. Through a small puncture, high-frequency radio waves are transmitted through a special needle into the veins. They injure the vessel wall, which leads to its reduction and replacement by the connective tissue. The patient is in the hospital only 1 day.
This procedure is performed with varicose veins in the legs of the initial stage. A specialized rubber suit is worn on the patient, then air is injected. Artificial pressure is created on the veins, which contributes to the return of their tone. Some patients notice that after undergoing a course of compression therapy, the amount of cellulite on their body has decreased.
This is a modern method of treating the leg veins. It is characterized by low tissue trauma, so many patients try to enter this particular procedure. The essence of the operation is that a laser light guide is inserted through a small size into the damaged vein, which seals it. The physician should carefully move the device along the entire length of the vessel. After the operation, there are no scars or other side effects.
When the surural veins and perforators are dilated, this method of surgery is used. With varicose veins of the lower extremities, trophic ulcers are often observed in patients. By itself, the defeat of the sural or perforating veins cannot provoke the appearance of skin disorders. This ailment develops against the background of circulatory failure. To normalize it, endoscopic dissection is performed. Stage of the procedure:
Cold temperatures can be used to treat leg veins. The method is considered completely safe, but it is rarely used, because there is no guarantee that varicose veins will completely disappear after such therapy. Contrary to popular belief, the operation does not use chemicals, but a cryoprobe. It has cooled to some extent, which leads to a burn of the ship. An inexperienced doctor can damage the tissues located near the vessel during the operation.
When the first symptoms of varicose veins in the lower limbs occur, some doctors recommend physiotherapy. The essence of the procedure is that ozone is injected intravenously. The drug is strictly dosed, becauseToo much can damage blood cells. The effect of ozone therapy is the same as that of other treatments that damage blood vessels.
With the symptoms of varicose veins of the main veins of the legs, doctors prescribe the use of compression underwear for treatment. A doctor should help with the choice of knitwear and degrees of compression. In case of segmental varicose veins of the lower limbs, it is recommended to wear underwear of the 2nd degree of compression. Your blood pressure will be 32mm Hg. If you are just thinking about how to deal with varicose veins on the legs, but you have no visible signs of the disease, then for the sake of experimentation you can buy underwear with the first degree of compression. Knitwear with 3 and 4 degrees of compression in pharmacies can only be purchased by prescription.
When treating varicose veins in the legs with the help of recipes from healers, you need to be extremely careful. First, some plants and herbs thin the blood. If platelet and hemoglobin levels are normal, they cannot be treated. Second, no tax can replace drug therapy. You can't refuse to take drugs. For varicose veins, the following recipes are considered effective:
In the early stages of varicose veins in the legs, patients with "thick" blood are referred to treatment with leeches. The effect of the procedure will not appear immediately. It is necessary to perform at least 5-6 sessions to notice the first improvement. 2 leeches are placed on the area most damaged by varicose veins, then a couple more are attached along the entire length of the vein. The course of treatment is repeated every 3 months.
First of all, absolutely all people must learn to sit correctly. The twisting of the lower limbs and the more traditional throwing of the legs on the legs leads to the fact that the blood flow in the veins is disturbed. As a result, under the influence of physical forces, the vessels stretch and varicose veins of the lower extremities appear. The good news is that in this zero stage, the progression of the disease can be reversed, but not all people are willing to give up the habit. Methods for the prevention of varicose veins of the lower extremities include:
At all stages of varicose veins, it is necessary to adhere to a balanced diet. Foods with high cholesterol should be excluded. If the patient likes beef or pork, he must not fry them in oil. It is allowed to cook or boil fatty meat. Doctors recommend eating more foods that contain protein, magnesium, calcium, and selenium. These include beans, almost all types of fruit, nuts.
Non-surgical treatment of varicose veins of the lower extremities includes the implementation of certain physical exercises. Squats, leg swings, and any exercises that involve working with your own weight are allowed. It is necessary to completely exclude from the training exercises with heavy weights (50-60 kg), flexion and extension of the trunk in a chair, long runs. The most effective exercises for varicose veins:
Stretching and warming up always start in the upper body. You can not start active training right away or just warm up the legs, because this will not help improve the condition of the vascular system. You can also walk on the spot. If the body mass index is significantly exceeded, it is recommended to lose weight first, and then to start training.